1.SAMUEL(II)1 BARTLETT1 was born August 26, 1677 in Northampton, HampshireCounty, Mass2, and died November 19,
1746 in Bolton, Tolland Co.
CT..He married SARAH WARDApril 09, 1706 in Marlborough, MiddlesexCounty, Mass2,3.She was born January 29, 1680/81 in Marlborough, Middlesex Co., Mass3,
(Tolland Co) CT4.
Notes for SAMUEL(II)BARTLETT:
At the County court, held
in Northampton, December 1708, Samuel Bartlett, Preserved Bartlett
and Thomas Clapp, were fined 40 Shillings for "Deceit" in some
barrels of Turpentine sent to Hartford and sold. The Turpentine was confiscated and sold the
proceeds, including the fines were distributed. One half to
the informer and the other half to the poor of Northampton. In addition, the parties had the costs to pay.
Children of SAMUEL BARTLETT and SARAH WARD are:
i.SARAH2 BARTLETT, b. March 12, 1706/07, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT.
ii.HAZEDIAH BARTLETT, b. September 22, 1708, Bolton, Tolland Co., Conn; m. JAMES SAWYER, April 04, 1739, Lyme,
Connecticut; b. December 07, 1712, Lyme, Connecticut;
d. January 02, 1795, East Haddam, CT.
iii.EXPERIENCE BARTLETT, b. August 03, 1710, Bolton, Tolland Co CT; d. March
21, 1748/49, Colchester, New London, CT; m. PELEG CHAMBERLAIN, May
08, 1735, Colchester, Connecticut; b. November 25, 1713, Colchester, New
London, CT; d. Aft. 1766, Kent, Litchfield Co., CT.
Notes for PELEG CHAMBERLAIN:
Peleg was a soldier in the French and Indian War. He married
a second time after the death of Experience Bartlett. She died not long after
her only daughter Experience was born.
iv.SAMUEL(III) BARTLETT, b. July 18, 1712, Bolton Tolland Co. CT; d. July 07,
1740, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT; m. MARGARET TUDOR, Bef. 1732, Bolton, Tolland
Co., CT; b. November 17, 1697, East Windsor, CT.
Notes for SAMUEL(III)BARTLETT:
: Will dated July 3, 1740
I, Samuel Bartlett Jr. of Bolton,
in the County of Hartford, do make this my last will and testament: I give to my
wife Margaret Bartlett I/2 of my estate during the
term of her natural life, and then to descend to my daughter Abigail Bartlett.
In case of her death before the decease of my wife Margaret Bartlett, she shall
have the whole estate, she paying my hond mother,
Sarah Bartlett L 100 in money or out of my estate at inventory price. The other
half of my estate I give to my daughter Abigail Bartlett. I appoint Rev. James
White of Bolton, executor.
Witness: John Bissell,
Joseph Olmsted, Martha Olmsted
Court Record Page 86 April 7 1741, Will now exhibited by the executor, who refused the
trust. Adms to Margaret Bartlett, widow, with the
will annexed.Recogn with Theophilius
Smith of Bolton.
Bolton, Tolland Co., CT
1 Male age 10 - 16 yrs
2 Males age 16-26 yrs
1 Male age 45 yrs and Up
2 Females age 16-26 yrs
1 Female age 45 yrs & Up
v.EDMUND BARTLETT, b. June 17, 1714, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT; d.
February 05, 1800, Ellington, CT; m. ELIZABETH FIELD, June 27, 1745, Bolton Tolland Co., Conn; b. January 03, 1721/22, Deerfield, Franklin, Mass; d.
vi.CAPT. JONATHAN(CAPT.) BARTLETT, b. August 01, 1716, Bolton, Tolland County, CT; d.
March 29, 1799, East Windsor, Hartford Co., CT; m. HANNAH A. WATSON, January 26,
1742/43, East Windsor, CT; b. April 04, 1713, Windsor, CT; d. September 21,
1806, East Windsor, Hartford Co., CT.
Notes for CAPT. JONATHAN(CAPT.)BARTLETT:
Jonathan signed the Association
Test and furnished supplies for the army.
Cementary Stone Marker
Sacred to the memory of
Capt. Jonathan Bartlet (note one "T")
Who died March 29th 1799
In the 85th year of his age
My God, my great redeemer
And his omniscient eyes
Attend to watch my sleeping
re animates the just
Then will he bid it rise
East Windsor, Hartford Co.,
1 Male 16 yrs and Up
1 Female including head of
Burial: ScanticCementary on Cementary Rd
Fact 6: Revolutionary War PS CT
Notes for HANNAH A. WATSON:
Sacred to the memory of
Mrs. Hannah. Rel. of
Capt. Jonathan Bartlett
(note 2 "T"s)
who died sept. 21st 1806
age 93 years
Most years I saw
Beheld this world as vain
Resigned to natures law
Immortal life to gain
Burial: ScanticCementary on Cementary Rd
vii.ELEANOR BARTLETT, b. March 03, 1718/19, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT; d.
March 06, 1796, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT5; m. JAMES HARPER, Abt. 1730, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT; b. Abt.
1719, Bolton, Tolland Co., Conn; d. East Windsor,
Cause of Death: Pleurisy
viii.EUNICE BARTLETT, b. January 20, 1720/21, Bolton, Tolland Co, CT; d.
February 07, 1724/25, Bolton, Tolland Co, CT.
Burial: November 09, 1748, death date
ix.GERSHOM BARTLETT, b. February 19, 1722/23, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT; d.
December 12, 1798, Norwich, Windsor County, Vermont; m. MARGARET DARTE, Bef. 1748, Bolton, Tolland Co., CT; b. 1725, Bolton,
Tolland, CT6; d. September 20, 1778, Norwich, Windsor Co.,
Notes for GERSHOMBARTLETT:
Founding Father of Norwich,
Capt Stoughton's Company
Campaign of 1757
Joseph Col. Stoughton's Stoughton,
Samuellll Capt. Service at time of alarm for relief
of Ft.William. Henery and
parts adjacent August 1757.
Samuel Stoughton (of Windsor) Capt.
Moses Thrall (Of Bolton)
George Cooley (Of Somers)
Samuel Chapman (of Tolland)
of Connecticut to Capt. Sam Stoughton and the Comp under his command in Col
Joseph PitkinsRefiment for
their service at the Time of Alarm Relief of Fort William Henry and parts
adjacent August Anno 1757
Samuell BartlettServed 15 days..
Job StrongServed 15 days
Gershom BartlettServed 15 days
Charles KelloggServed 15 days
Twenty four of the men rode
horses from Tolland, Twenty-one walked from Bolton,
Twenty one from Litchfield, and three from Windsor..
The gravestone carvings of Gershom Bartlett are among the most bizarre and strikingly
original of any produced during the eighteenth century. His stones are easily
recognized by the bulbous noses, turned down mouths, row of vestigial teeth at
the bottom of the face, raised eyebrows, usually a four-lobed crown, three
curved wings of curls beside the face, or sometimes large puffy mushroom-like
protuberances from the sides of the head. The finials are most frequently
pinwheels or four-leafed clovers, and the border panels are in the form of
double anchors. Frequently a small heart is present near the bottom of the
stone. Bartlett is often called the "hook-and-eye man." Bartlett footstones usually have three or four diamonds cut
into the stone surface. He most often worked in granite, although a few of his
early stones are in red sandstone. Examples of these may be seen in the Edwards
burying ground (S. Windsor) and in Ellington, Somers and Enfield. In the Oneco and Plainfield yards are several Bartlett stones carved on a white stone common in the area. He
was a native of Bolton, Connecticut, the son of Samuel and Sarah Bartlett who came from Northampton, Massachusetts. During one period of his early carving career, he
apparently lived in Windsor and possibly also in East Windsor. Bartlett stones are found throughout eastern Connecticut but are most common west of Mansfield and become very scarce in the northeast and in coastal
communities. They continue until 1772 when Bartlett moved to Pompanoosuc, Vermont, where he continued to carve (but on slate) until late
in the eighteenth century. He was a Revolutionary War soldier and is buried in
the Pompanoosuc burying ground. There are no known
signed Connecticut stones. Probate records exist for Isaac Bigelow (1751)
and Abner Kellogg (1755) of Colchester and Abraham Pease (1750) of Enfield.
From: Slater, James A. The Colonial Burying Grounds of Eastern Connecticut and the Men Who Made Them.Memoirs of the ConnecticutAcademy of Arts & Sciences, vol. 21.Hamden, Connecticut: Archon Books, 1987.
Library call number f/Q/11/C85/v.21
Period of Significance:
Significant Date(s): 1693
MansfieldCenterCemetery is a small 18th-century burying ground with an estimated 300-400 headstones (Photograph 1), more
than 130 of which are 18th-century monuments attributed to specific stone
carvers. The cemetery is located along a busy state highway in a part of the village of Mansfield Center that is primarily characterized by 19th and
20th-century buildings, many of them residences that are now in commercial use.
The cemetery is separated from the road by a narrow green swath planted with
widely spaced tall shade trees, and is surrounded by a fieldstone wall. Granite
gate posts frame a break in the center of the west wall, where there is a
portion of a wooden- picket gate. The yard within the wall is generally level,
and all the burials are oriented eastward, so that the carved sides of the
headstones face the west.
The character of the buying
ground is created by row upon row of closely spaced 18th-century monuments,
most of which are tablet-shaped and carved with winged cherubim, geometric
figures, and vine-like designs; death-heads and coffin carvings also appear,
but in smaller numbers. Most stones are lettered with the person's name, age,
and date of death; many also list the virtues of the decedent, and some add an
epitaph in verse. Although almost all the stones are in a tradition that
scholars have labeled the Eastern Connecticut Ornamental Style, they vary
greatly in detail according to the distinctive personal styles of the
individual carvers. Several prominent Connecticut carvers are represented, most by several examples.
Among the markers with credible attributions are those by John Hartshorne, who
is credited with bringing the style from Essex County, Massachusetts; Obadiah
Wheeler, in both his early geometric and mature "moon-faced" styles
(Photograph 3); the Collins family; and Gershom
Bartlett, also known as the Hook and Eye Man. The single most prevalent style
is that of the Manning family of carvers, whose bat-winged, pompadour-coifed,
pouting cherub is found on almost 80 stones (Photograph 2).
Statement of Significance:
MansfieldCenter's old cemetery has significance for the history of
American art (Criterion C) because it contains a large number of 18th- century
gravestones that, collectively, illustrate a major tradition within New Englandstonecarving. Headstone carvings are today
recognized as one of the principal artistic expressions of early New England culture. The rich variety of cherubim, geometric designs, vines, and
funerary symbols found in the MansfieldCenterCemetery represents a vibrant folk-art tradition that, while
deeply rooted in Puritan culture as well as earlier English precedents, had a
life of its own, as individual carvers refined their styles and influenced each
other. Gravestone-carving was always a practical art, serving the explicit
purpose of satisfying a family's need to memorialize the dead, yet high
artistic values, such as inventiveness, composition, and proportion, are
everywhere evident on these stones. The individual stonecarvers
represented in the cemetery, including John Hartshorne, Obadiah Wheeler,
Benjamin and Zerubbabel Collins, the Manning family,
and Gershom Bartlett, were all artists with
distinctive styles and highly refined technical skills; their stones can thus
be termed recognizable works by masters." Although there are several
eastern Connecticut cemeteries with comparable collections of headstones,
Mansfield Center Cemetery ranks among the foremost in the number,
concentration, and diversity of its markers; it has been described by a leading
scholar of colonial gravestones as one of the "premier granite burying
grounds of eastern Connecticut . . . one that must not be missed."'
Related to the gravestones'
artistic significance is their significance as keys to the culture of the
Puritans and their descendants. Although burial was not conceived of as a
religious rite, both the markers and the cemetery itself shed light on the
ideas about life and death that permeated New England in that period (Criterion
A). The orientation of the burials, facing the rising sun, expressed faith in
resurrection, as did much of the iconography carved on the stones. The
inscriptions on the monuments, emphasizing familial devotion, piety, and
service to the community, reveal the virtues that were valued in the period.
Even the materials present in the burying ground suggest the cultural ties that
linked eastern Connecticut with other places in New England: although the vast
majority of markers were carved on local stone by artists who lived in eastern
Connecticut, the presence of Connecticut Valley brownstone, Rhode Island and
Boston-area slate, and Vermont marble show that the area was far from isolated.
Finally, MansfieldCenterCemetery has historical significance as a symbol of the early
18th- century origins of the town. This site, chosen for a burying ground as
early as 1693, when Mansfield was still part of Windham, served along with the
Congregational meetinghouse as a central focus for the community, a role that
it continued for at least: a century and in some respects still plays today.
Virtually nowhere else in town are there visible remains from as far back as
the 1720s, and as a common burying ground, the cemetery is certainly the oldest
surviving expression of community life in Mansfield.
Cemeteries are ordinarily not
eligible for listing on the National Register. However, the artistic value
inherent in the stones, their significance in illuminating the culture of the
period, and the site's importance as an early town institution justify its
Mansfield was settled from Windham in the 1690s and was known as Pond Place, after the small body of water just to the east of the
old cemetery. As early as 1693 a committee was chosen to select a burying
ground, with Captain William Hall agreeing to trade the cemetery plot for two
acres elsewhere in town. Mansfield
became a separate town in 1703, and this plot remained the central burying
ground until the Storrs cemetery was laid out in 1744. The original cemetery
plot was enlarged with additions at the south end in 1752, 1796, and 1840. It
was first enclosed by a stone wall in 1794, with the present gate posts
probably dating from 1859. Although the civil authority of the town purchased
the land, the cemetery was administered by the Congregational church's
Ecclesiastical Society. After church and state were separated in 1818, the
First Congregational Church continued managing the cemetery, finally turning it
over to a private association in 1936.
Along with the
Congregational church, the cemetery served as a focal point for the community.
The earliest settlers of Mansfield
are buried there, including William Hall. New England cemeteries were commonly visited on a weekly basis, in between services
on the Sabbath. They thus served to reaffirm people's social connections, not
only with their own families, but also with people from other parts of town,
whom they might see only on Sundays. Even after other cemeteries were
established in Mansfield, the CenterCemetery continued to be used by people from all parts of town,
even those who lived in far outlying areas.
The headstone carvings in MansfieldCenterCemetery illustrate the degree to which Christian ideas of
death and resurrection permeated everyday life in the 18th century. Some of the
floral and geometric designs appear to have little significance; they are
similar to the carved motifs found on Early American furniture and probably
represent long-established traditions in English carved decoration. Most of the
designs, however, have their origin in Christian iconography. Hartshorne's
bird/serpent, for example, is derived from a common 17th-century Puritan
allegory, in which the perfect Christian (symbolized by the wings of
resurrection) is composed of the emotional heart of the dove and the rational
head of the serpent. The triumph of resurrection is also symbolized by
vegetative designs intended to suggest laurel leaves (Photograph 4) and by the
many varieties of crowns on the Manning stones (Photograph 2). The winged
cherubs themselves symbolize resurrection, both as angels of God and as
effigies for the souls of the departed. These highly stylized depictions were
meant to suggest the disembodied soul as an otherworldly, transformed spirit.
Finally, the stones depict, more than any other plant, the vines, leaves, and
fruit of the grape, a rich and complex Christian symbol. First and foremost,
the grapevine symbolized the unbreakable continuum between Christ and his
followers--"I am the vine, you are the branches"--and thus made an
implicit connection between the deceased and those still alive. Secondly, the
grape symbolized salvation, as the source of the Last Supper's wine. Finally,
the grapevine, as the vineyard, symbolized earthly existence in which the
Christian labored for God.
The legends on the
headstones also offer clues to the virtues that were valued in 18th-century Connecticut. Piety and faith were extolled, but also familial
devotion, parental tenderness, and public spiritedness. In general, these
burials lack the emphasis on sudden death found in Massachusetts Bay-area
burying grounds, both in legends and in iconography. At the same time, the
Christian hopefulness of the majority seems to be challenged by the grim
agnosticism of Bridget Snow's monument. Not only is the soul effigy shown in
the coffin, rather than taking wing, but the legend offers some disturbing
My Lover, Friend, Familiar,
Remov'd from Sight & out of Call,
to dark Oblivion is retir'd,
Dead, or at least to me Expir'd.
** If you would like to see
some of the examples of Gershom's works.. You can see them in the following Cementaries:
New London Ancient Burial Ground, Mansfield Center Cementary,
Mansfield East Cementary, EastburyCementary (Glasbury,
Burial: Waterman Hill
Fact 6: Revolutionary War
Occupation: Stone Carver /Cementary/
Burial: Waterman Hill Cementary
Marriage Notes for GERSHOM BARTLETT and MARGARET DARTE:
Windsor County, Vermont
3 White Males age 16 yrs and
up including heads of families
Gershom Sr., sons: Jarius and Moses
2 Free White Females
including Heads of families
Margaret, daughter: Mary
x.EUNICE BARTLETT, b. April 14, 1725, Bolton, (TollandCounty) Conn; d. November 09, 1748, Northampton, Hampshire Co., Mass.
xi.JOSEPH BARTLETT, b. April 14, 1725, Bolton, Tollard, CT; d. November 22, 1747, Norwich, WindsorCounty, Vermont8.
Notes for JOSEPH BARTLETT:
BARTLETT, Joseph, Bolton.
Private, Capt. John BAYLEY's co., Col. Michael JACKSON's Regt.; pay roll for service from March 2, 1777,
to May 26, 1777, 3 mos. 2 days; also, Capt. PEIRCE's
co., Col. JACKSON'sregt.;
Continental Army pay accounts for service from Jan. 1, 1780, to March 12, 1780.
1.Clapp Family Memorial.
2.New England Marriages
3.Marlborough, MassCity Hall and Court House Records
4.Charles Hudson, History of the Town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Mass..
5.ConnecticutChurch Records,(Bolton Church Records 1725-1922).
6.Vital Records from Bolton,
7.Norwich Historical Society.
8.BoltonTown Clerk, Bolton Vital Records.
This page was created by Linda Pingel on Aug. 25,
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